Amritsar is a city in north western part of India sharing borders with Pakistan. Its a tourist Hot spot. Both domestic and international tourists visit here and is The tourist hub of Punjab. It was historically known as Ramdaspur as this city was founded by him. Its main attraction is The Harmandar Sahib/The Golden Temple.Its the main spiritual center of The Sikhs. Other than this there are many other tourist Attractions in Amritsar. The main fact is also that it attracts more visitors than Taj Mahal that is wonder of the world.And is the most visited place by NRI’s. This city’s population is about 1232000. And this city is known for its rich culture and heritage.There are many places to visit in Amritsar. The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre was also held in this city where General Dyer killed about 300 innocent Indians.Amritsar is having Extreme type of climate.In the summers the temperature may rise to 45 degree Celsius and in winters it may get 0 degree Celsius It lies on the grand trunk road which makes it well connected to other cities. Also it is having an International Airport namely Sri Guru RamDas Ji International Airport. Amritsar is also known for its cuisine.Its known for its spicy food. There are good hotels too. This area is also very industrially developed. Some people just come here for 1 night as they are mistaken that their are only few places to see only but unfortunately they are mistaken. Their are many places which can be visited in Amritsar to taste its real culture. So the Top 10 are listed below.
10. Gurudwara Bibeksar Sahib
It is a beautiful Gurudwara at the banks of Bibeksar Sarowar. It was built by 6th guru Guru HarGobind Singh Ji. It was built for his devotees. A committee looks after its maintenance and daily activities.Also there is Langar facility which means giving free food as Parsad to all. This beautiful Temple is surrounded by gardens. There is a religious feeling when we pray in this Gurudwara.
9. Gobinghar Fort
This Fort is situated in the heart of the city. It was reconstructed by Maharaja Ranjit Singh Ji. The Hawa Mahal and Phansi Ghar were added by Britishers. But till date Indian Army has control over the fort. During the partition this fort served as camp of immigrants. Its architecture is also very beautiful and was equipped with 30 cannons but now they have been taken away and this fort is having modern weapons. It is said that the gate joins it with a tunnel that leads to lahore in Pakistan. It was made to store grains and for the armyof Maharaja Ranjit Singh Ji. But it is occupied by military so it can be seen from the outside only.
8. Akal Takht
It is one of the 5 seats of the Sikh religious authorities. It is also the center of Sikh Political assembly and it means The Throne Of The Immortals. Akal Takht is the supreme of all 5 takhts which are established by the authority. It was built by Guru Hargobind Ji. It is built lower than Harimandar Sahib in order to tell the importance. Guru Hargobind Ji used to sit on the Takht and solve the disputes of the community by giving justice to all. It is made with marble and the dome is made of Gold.
7. Khalsa College
It is a college and was built by the britishers. It is a historical educational institute with great infrastructure. Though it is not really a tourist spot but the building is worth seeing as it is huge and gorgeous. It reflects the mughal architecture. But rather it looks like a mixture of Indian and Mughal architecture. The students who study in this beautiful building must be so fortunate. It was designed by Bhai Ram Singh. It is almost like a palace and the lush green lawns with the red brick combination seems extremely nice.
6. Maharaja Ranjit Singh Panorama
This is also a must see place which tells about the Brave and Courageous King of Punjab. It tells us about the wars he won and the life history of him. It is filled with the audios of fights which give good understanding. Also their are visual touch screen computers which tells about his forts,army,artillery and the palace of the great king who united the whole north region including Kashmir,Punjab and parts of Pakistan and Afghanistan under his rule. It is not that big and time consuming but in half an hour it can tell you about rich culture of punjab. Even the ticket is just 10 rs. per person and the gardens are also well maintained. Their are different real sized statues of him and large photos in royal frames.
5. Durgiana Temple
This Temple is also known as the Lakshmi Narayan Temple. It totally resembles the architecture of the Harmandar Sahib(Golden Temple). It was constructed by Guru Harsai Kapoor. The doors are carved with silver. It is dedicated to Goddess Durga. Their are deities of Lord Vishnu,Lord Ram and Lord Krishna which are located within the main building. This temple is worth a visit. Not very crowdy at times and a quit place it is which gives it a peaceful atmosphere.
4. The Inner/Old City(Heritage Walk)
Not all the people know about this but there is a Heritage Walk in Amritsar which reveals the real taste of it. It may also give you information that may be locals even would not be having and is extremely cheap and the cost is just Rs. 75 per person. The guides take you in the walled city also known as the inner city where there are narrow streets and initially only this city existed. The tourist should really go for it as they can not explore themselves the heart of Amritsar. It is extremely informative and one may get detailed knowledge about the whole city.
3. Jallianwala Bagh
It is the garden where the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre was held. Here general Dyer killed hundreds of innocent Indians who were peacefully protesting against the policies. He ordered open fire which killed 400 people and 1500 people were left wounded and died. Many of the people thought that to save themselves from the fire they can jump in the well but they died too. A red stone pillar was constructed in a shape of the flame. Also there are bullet marks too. There is a gallery too. It is organised by a trust. The gallery tells about the freedom fighter and the freedom struggle of Indian Independence. Also the pillar was built as a memorial of the people who died. It is very close to Golden Temple. But its only of historic importance.
2. Wagah Border
You would be astonished to know that this is the only road border between India and Pakistan. It lies on the Grand Trunk Road joining Amritsar and Lahore. The Border Security Forces and The Pakistan rangers perform a very enthusiastic parade. This is done on the retreat ceremony also known as Lowering The Flag Ceremony. It takes place before sunset so its better to confirm the timings from the guides or the hotels. The people clap and cheer for their respective countries and also shake hands at the end. There are large sounds of parade. The audience as well as the soldiers are full of enthusiasm and there is a chaos like a football stadium.
1.Golden Temple/ Harmandir Sahib
Hamandir Sahib also known as Darbar Sahib and informally called the Golden Temple in the western world is the Holy place of sikhs. It was built in 1604 by Guru Arjun Dev Ji The fifth Guru of Sikhs. There are four doors to enter which symbolizes that sikkhism is opened for all people and of all religions. Maharaja Ranjit Singh covered the upper upper dome with gold which gave it a beautiful look and hence was named Golden Temple by the Britishers. Guru Granth Sahib the most holy book of Sikhs is present inside. It is covered with 400 kg of gold and is surrounded by a water body which is considered to be filled with holy water or Amrit. It is believed that the holy water cleanses the soul. One has to remove his shoes and cover his head before entering the Holy Place. Also there is Langar Seva where vegetarian food is served and it is free of cost. The environment is very peaceful and is the main attraction of Amritsar. This place should be visited as its beauty is worth seeing which will leave you stunned and full of spiritualness.