The starting of 21st century led to the use of varieties of programming language which were designed many years ago. A programming language is a type of an artificial language which is basically used to have an interaction of hardware language basically the machine language with the user. Most people find these programming language some hectic stuff but the whole programming language depends only on the syntax of the respective language. If you are familiar with only one basic language then you can easily cope with the other languages as only the syntax matters while the logic remains the same. The main use of the programming language is basically in the IT industry or in some software development or it may be also in some IT department of some non IT industry. Now since there are hundreds of programming language for developing a software in the competitive market, so there always occurs a question regarding the selection of a programming language. So in that case you are not supposed to choose your favorite language for the development of a software rather language must be chosen according to the user’s need. So to meet the user’s need and requirement , one among the ten best languages must be chosen. Here is the list of some of the highest in demand programming languages:
Ruby is a type of programming language which is dynamic in nature and supports OOP concepts. The advantage of this language is that it is an open source language.It was developed by Yukihiro Matsumoto during the year 1995. In this language, each and everything is expressed in terms of objects. Hence the one who can play with the concepts of objects can only go through this language , hence this point can be taken as both advantage and disadvantage for this language. This language is also easy to learn because it has more specific and easily understandable structure and also it has some wide range of built in function. The major disadvantage is that the documentation of this language is not good.
It is a multi – paradigm, dynamically object oriented programming language which was written by Guido van Rossum in 1980. This programming language are the favorites of Google and Ubuntu. It is mainly used for websites and mobile applications. It is a highly readable language. The main advantage of this programming language is that it provides automatic memory management and also it is an open source programming language. The major disadvantage of this language is that the documentation of this language is not as appropriate like PHP and also this language is very slow.
This type of programming language was developed by Microsoft . This language can be considered as a part of .NET initiative. It is considered as a replica of Java Programming language as its syntax are similar to that of Java language. It is a compiled language and also supports object oriented programming concepts. The main disadvantage of this language is that it runs smoothly on windows platforms rather than non windows environment hence it is not an open source platform.Also it is not much flexible as compared to other languages like C and C++. The main advantage of this language is that it is fast and much powerful language. It also has the ability of automatic garbage collection.
It is also an Object Oriented Programming language similar to C++, Java and PHP. It is an extended and update version of Visual Basic and it was developed mainly by the Microsoft team. This programming language is used to develop very high level sophisticated software applications. It is also used to implement web applications.The main advantage of this language is that it is secure and the security model used is known as Code access.Also garbage collection is taken into consideration. Disadvantage of this language is that since it is a Microsoft system’s property hence it can run only on Microsoft Windows also this language possess low performance as compared to C,C++.
It is a general purpose HTML scripting programming language which was designed by Rasmus Lerdorf in 1996. It is a multi paradigm language and is used to create dynamic web pages and applications. This programming language uses a run time interpreter. Various web servers also uses PHP for the complete development , one such server based on PHP is WordPress. PHP is a fully featured, complete object oriented programming. The main advantage of this language is that it is the most useful and powerful language for the web based applications . It is a flexible language and and a platform independent language as it can run on many different O.S. The main disadvantage of this language is that the syntax of this language is not consistent and one can easily solve a particular problem in many different ways. Also since it is an open source language hence it is less secure as anyone can see the code of this language.
This is one of the demanding language of all and it was developed by James Gosling and Sun Microsystems after 1990. It is an object oriented language and also a platform independent language. This programming language basically runs on a hypothetical machine called as Java Virtual Machine (JVM) which is platform dependent. This JVM is implemented inside our computer by a program known as Java Interpreter . The java file after compilation gets converted into a binary file which consists of byte codes which are used as an instruction for the java interpreter.The main advantage of this language is that we have to write a program only once and it can then be run on any O.S as Java is a platform independent language.Java is robust , secure and supports multi-threading. The disadvantage of this language is that it is slower and more memory consuming as compared to other languages like C,C++.
The non availability of the concept of OOP ie object oriented programming in C Programming Language leds to the arrival of a programming language supporting OOP concepts ie C++ language. This language was introduced by Bjarne Stroustrup in 1979. This language is an updatable version of C language which is generally used to overcome the disadvantage of C language. C++ is also known as C programming language with classes. The main advantage of this language is Speed ie fast execution. Also it is a procedural language which also supports generic programming. Unlike in C , in C++ you are able to create your own class ie a user defined class.The main disadvantage of this language is that it is not a pure OOP language as it does not support for garbage collector. Also it is a platform dependent language. Another disadvantage is that it is a clumsy language and also supports very less features as compared to C# and java.
C Programming language is one of the basic procedural and user friendly language which was developed by Dennis Ritchie in the year 1972. This programming language is basically developed for the UNIX operating system. C Programming language is one of the fast language as compared to java and also if you are completely familiar with this language then the learning of other languages like C++ , java etc would be much simpler as only the syntax will differ for the other languages. This language is considered as a base of other programming language. The advantages of this programming language is that it is easy to learn with the feature of portability and very last language. Also it can run on O.S like ubuntu , unix , windows. The main disadvantage of this language is that it is not an object oriented programming language(that is the only reason for the proposal of C++ language) ,also it is difficult to manipulate and manage the programs in C language.