Christianity is the most widely accepted religion across the world. Accordingly there are a huge number of churches dating back to many years and till now. To decide on the largest churches, there are certain criteria to be studied and then decided. They are scope (lot of debate goes on whether a building is church or not), measurements, by length and by height. Here is the list of world’s ten largest churches!!
10.Cathedral of Saint Sava
This is the 10th largest church in the world. However it is the largest orthodox church!!! Also called as Saint Sava Temple, it is located in Belgrade city in the country Serbia. This church is actually dedicated to an important figure in medieval Serbia-Saint Sava. He is the founder of the Serbian Orthodox Church. This is actually built on the location where his remains were believed to be burnt in the year 1595 by Sinan Pasha of Ottoman Empire. It is the most monumental structure in the city. Its area is 8,162 sq.metre while its volume is 170,000 cubic metre. The construction of the church is recently completed in the year 2003. The temple is in the form of Greek Cross.
9. Basilica of Our Lady of the Pillar
This is situated in the city Zaragoza in the country Spain. This Basilica is the 9th largest church in world. It is a Roman Catholic church. This is the first church in the history to be dedicated to Mary. Since this basilica venerates Blessed Virgin Mary, the name is Our Lady of the Pillar!! This church was started during early Christianity. Many Spanish kings, saints and other foreign rulers are believed to pray before this statues of Mary! The architecture of this basilica is of Baroque style. This church is spread over 8318 sq.metre!! The present building of this is built during 1681-1872.
8. Church of the Santíssima Trindade (Fátima)
This was completed lately in the year 2007 which was started in 2004. This church is situated in the area Fátima of Portugal. This is also a Roman Catholic Church. This is a church in the Shrine of Our Lady of Fátima. The total cost of constructing this church is 80 million euros!! It’s the 8th kargest Christian church in the world. The first stone laid in 2004 was a piece of marble which was taken from the tomb of Apostle Peter!! However this was put inside the church later to avail the pilgrims see it. This is spread over an area of 8700 square metre and occupies a volume of 130,000 cubic metre. The decoration inside the church is inspired by the orthodox art.
7. Liverpool Cathedral
This is the seat of Bishop of the Liverpool and is built on St James’ Mount. This is the Church of England Cathedral or in other words an Anglican church. Though its official name is Cathedral Church of Christ in Liverpool, its actually dedicated to Christ and the blessed Virgin. It’s the 7th largest and 2nd longest church in the world with a height of 189 metres. It was built in the year 1978. This church is spread over an area of 9687 square metres.
6. Basilica of Our Lady of Licheń
This is a Roman Catholic church which is located in the country Poland. This was constructed during the years 1994-2004 which is a period of ten years. The construction of the church is funded by the Pilgrims’ donations. It is the largest church in Poland and 6th largest church in the world. The Nave of this church is 120 metre long and 77 m wide. This church is actually dedicated to Our Lady of Sorrows-Queen of Poland. Her icon is placed in the main altar of the church which is dated back to 18th century. This is one of the Poland’s important pilgrim sites. It is spread over an area of 10,090 square metres and a volume of 300000 cubic metres.
This is located in the city of Milan in Italy. It took 6 centuries to be completed!!! This was started very early in the year of 1386 and was constructed till the year 1965. The category of the church is Roman Catholic. This church is dedicated to Saint Mary Nascent. It is the seat of Arch Bishop of Milan. It is the 5th largest in the world and the largest in Italy. The total area of this church is 10186 metre square and the total volume is 440,000 cubic metre.
4. Cathedral of Saint John the Divine
This church is located in New York of United States. The construction began in 1892 however it is still unfinished. The official name of this church is Cathedral Church of Saint John the Divine in the City and Diocese of New York. The restoration and construction is still going on. This is an Episcopalian(Anglican) church. The architecture of the cathedral is of Gothic style. This church is spread over an area of 11,200 square metres and a total volume of 480,000 cubic metres.
3. Seville Cathedral
The official name is Cathedral of Saint Mary of the See. It is situated in Seville city of Spain. This cathedral is a Roman Catholic Church! This is the third largest church in the world however, it’s the largest Gothic church. It is registered as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in the year 1987. This church was completed in the early 16th century-year 1520. This is actually built on the burial site of Christopher Columbus. This church was actually built to demonstrate the city’s wealth when Seville became rich city because of important trading. This is spread over 11520 square metres of area. It occupies a volume of greater than 500000 cubic metres.
2. Basilica of the National Shrine of Our Lady of Aparecida
It’s a Roman Catholic Basilica which is located in Aparecida of the country Brazil. This church was completed in the year 1955. This is dedicated to our Lady of Aparecida, the principal Patroness of Brazil. According to survey in 2011, this church receives the greatest Marian pilgrimage in the whole world. In Portuguese, its official title is Nossa Senhora da Conceição Aparecida. This church has an interesting history. In the year 1717, a statue of Virgin Mary was found by a group of fishermen. This statue was housed in a modest basilica which is later constructed to the present church in the year 1955. It occupies an area of 12,000 metre square and a volume of 1,200,000 cubic metres.
1.St Peter’s Basilica
The Papal Basilica of Saint Peter is located in the sacred Vatican City. It is the largest church in the world occupying an area of 20,139 square metre and a volume of 1,200,000 cubic metres. It’s a Roman Catholic Church and is the most esteemed work of Renaissance architecture. Apart from being the largest, it is considered as one of the holiest catholic sites in the world. This was actually built on the burial site of St Peter who is one of the Twelve apostles of Jesus Christ. He is considered to be the first Bishop of Rome. Yearly, a large no.of people visit this church as a pilgrimage and is considered very sacred.