Cancer is now a days one of the most common disease found in the world. It is also accredited to one of the deadliest diseases in today’s world. It has spread its root in various forms.According to statistic,about one third of world’s population is infected by this fatal disease.Also it is one of the disease which once found is not easily curable and the ultimate result is death. It has various stages. When diagnosed in early stages, it has positive rates of survival. there is no specific reason for being infected with cancer, it can either be inherited or generated inside an individual or can be acquired from environment. It can be defined as an abnormal and uncontrollable growth of cell(malignant cell) on different body organs. Also its treatment is very expensive. The treatment include chemotherapy,immuno-therapy,surgery and radiation. Some common type of cancers include:
10. Skin (Melanoma) cancer
Skin cancer is 10th in the list of top ten most common type of cancer. Skin cancer one of the most common cancers throughout the world. It has spread its root in two forms Melanoma and non-melanoma. Amongst these two forms melanoma is more common and is also curable. It mainly attacks melanocyte cell of skin which is responsible for producing brown pigment in skin. Melanoma cancer on the other hand has serious effects. It is also responsible for almost ¾ deaths which are caused due to skin cancer (in spite of the fact that it affects only 5% people). . It is easily detected with the help of screenings and renal tests. The treatment includes chemotherapy, surgery, and immunotherapy and radiation therapy.
9. Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma
Swollen lymph nodes and tissues is the most common symptom of Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. It exists in various forms (around 30).this type of cancer attacks the lymphocyte cells, commonly known as white blood cells. These cells are the antibodies which fight against foreign agents. It is subcategorized into two categories- Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin. The non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma is further divided into many sub-sub categories. The treatment includes chemotherapy, surgery, and immunotherapy and radiation therapy. The treatments depend upon the stage of cancer.
8. Endometrial cancer
It stands 8th in the list of common cancer. It is also known as “uterine corpus cancer”. It develops on the inner lining of uterus. Bleeding abnormally is an early symptom of endometrial cancer. They are mostly adenocarcinoma that is they originate in tissues which release liquids like mucus, etc. The treatment includes chemotherapy, surgery, and immunotherapy and radiation therapy. The treatments depend upon the stage of cancer. 49560 cases have been reported for this type of cancer from which 8190 have died. It is bifurcated into two categories namely renal cell carcinoma and renal pelvis carcinoma. This type of cancer in childhood is known with the special name of Wilms tumor.
7. Thyroid cancer
This type of cancer is accruing and is common in both men and women.75% of affected people is women. This cancer originates in the thyroid gland which is one of the most important parts of the endocrine system. It controls our pulse rate, breathing, blood pressure, weight. It has four subtypes namely-follicular, anaplastic, papillary, and medullary. One of the noticeable symptoms is a small lump on the neck side. 60220 thyroid cases have been diagnosed so far and 1850 have faced death. The treatment includes chemotherapy, surgery, and immunotherapy and radiation therapy. Medication and therapy depend on the stage of cancer.
6. Bladder cancer
It is bifurcated into many types; the most common amongst them is the urothelial carcinoma. The most common symptom of this type of cancer is blood in the urine. The most common form is transitional cell carcinoma which begins its growth in tissues and cells that make the lining of bladder. Other types include squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. It is one of the least fatal types of cancer with the survival rate (5 year) of 80%. So far 72570 cases have been diagnosed with bladder cancer, and death tolls to 15210.The treatment includes chemotherapy, surgery (mostly advisable in all cases), and immunotherapy and radiation therapy.
5. Kidney cancer
It is the 5th most common type of cancer. It is sub grouped into two categories- renal parenchyma and renal pelvis. Renal parenchyma is the most common form of kidney cancer. It affects the kidneys (renal cell carcinoma) which perform the task of purifying the blood and urine. When this cancers is found in children it is called Wilms tumor. The common reasons accruing to kidney cancer are tobacco ingestion, obesity and stress. The treatment includes chemotherapy, surgery, and immunotherapy and radiation therapy. Surgery alone or with other treatment is also given.65150 people so far have been diagnosed of kidney cancer and 13680 have died because of it.
4. Colorectal cancer
It is the 4th most common cancer. This type of cancer is combination of cancer in colon and rectal cancer. These organs are the integral part of the digestive system. This type of cancer is not easily detectable. They are mostly adenocarcinoma that is they originate in tissues which release liquids like mucus, etc. 102480 colon cancer cases and 40340 rectal cases have been diagnosed amongst which 50830 have died. The treatment includes chemotherapy, surgery, and immunotherapy and radiation therapy.
3. Lung cancer
Lung cancer is the 3rd most common form of cancer. It is categorized into small cell and non-small cell lung cancer. The major reason for lung cancer is smoking. Cancer is developed in the lungs in the tissues for air passage. 228190 cases so far have been diagnosed of this cancer from which 159480 have faced death. The treatment includes chemotherapy, surgery, and immunotherapy and radiation therapy. The type of treatment depends upon the stage reached.
2. Breast cancer
Breast cancer is the second most common form of cancer which is responsible for killing many people. It is the most common type of cancer found in women; however it also infects a small percentage of men. A tumor is developed in tissues of the breast, specifically ducts and lobules which make and supply milk. Around 232340 females have been diagnosed of breast cancer amongst which 39620 have met death. 2240 males have been diagnosed of this evil form of cancer from which 410 died. . It is easily detected with the help of screenings and renal tests. The treatment includes chemotherapy, surgery, and immunotherapy and radiation therapy.
1. Prostate cancer
It is the most prevailing type of cancer affecting every 1 in 6 men. It is mostly found in men above 30 years. It starts with a benign tumor in the prostate gland. This gland is the part of reproductive system. It is also the second most dangerous form of cancer in terms of taking human life. It is easily detected with the help of screenings and renal tests. The treatment includes chemotherapy, surgery, and immunotherapy and radiation therapy. The treatments depend upon the stage of cancer.